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Sketch done by Jim Bourdon, Copyright Jim Bourdon 1996 & 97

Taken from Science, July 31 1998 (Jill M. Casey and Ransom A. Myers) :

Are extinctions of marine vertebrates as rare and unlikely as current data indicate? Longterm research surveys on the continental shelf between the Grand Banks of Newfoundland and Southern New England reveal that one of the largest skates in the northwest Atlantic, the barndoor skate (Raja laevis), is close to extinction. Forty-five years ago, research surveys on St. Pierre Bank (off southern Newfoundland) recorded barndoor skates in 10% of their tows; in the last 20 years none has been caught and this pattern of decline is similar throughout the range of the species.
Above is a map of the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization Subdivisions in which populations were assessed in this analysis. The 300 meter isobath (dotted line) is given for reference. 3NO = southern Grand Bank, 3Ps = St. Pierre Bank, 4Vn = Sydney Bight, 4Vs = Banquereau Bank, 4W = Sable Island Bank, 4X = Browns Bank, 5Y = Gulf of Maine, 5Ze = Georges Bank, 5Zw = Southern New England.
Above are estimates of absolute biomass for barndoor skate (Raja laevis) from the southern Grand Bank (the northern limit of the range) to southern New England (close to the southern limit of the range). Open circles are zero catches. An exponential decay curve was fit to the data using non-linear least squares. The estimated rate of population decline was lowest in the northern and highest in southern regions. If only data since 1960 are considered, the population decline on St. Pierre Bank, Sydney Bight and Banquereau Bank is similar to that in southernmost regions (that is, Gulf of Maine, Georges Bank, and southern New England).